What does “organic” mean?

Simply stated, organic produce and other ingredients are grown without the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, genetically modified organisms, or ionizing radiation. Animals that produce meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products do not take antibiotics or growth hormones.

 

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CERTIFIED ORGANIC MATTRESSES

WHAT IS AN ORGANIC MATTRESS?

\In recent decades, most mattresses have been made either with metal springs sandwiched between layers of polyurethane foam, or with just foam. In showrooms, salespeople typically focus on firmness, talking about the number of springs or the density of the foam. What they rarely bring up -- but what has become increasingly common knowledge among consumers -- is that polyurethane foam is made from petroleum, and that it can emit volatile organic compounds (V.O.C.'s), which have been linked to respiratory irritation and other health problems, according to both the Environmental Protection Agency and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

 

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Latexpedic® comes from the Hevea Brasilienis tree, originally native to the Amazon Jungles of Brazil.  The first use of rubber was by the Olmecs, who centuries later passed on the knowledge of natural latex from the Hevea tree in 1600 BC to the ancient Mayans, who harvested latex to make rubber balls for the ancient Mesoamerican ballgames. Latex was symbolic of fertility, and was often burned, buried, or (fortunately for archaeology) laid in a sacrificial pool as an offering to various deities. Latex is white and milky in appearance, has an elastic consistency, and is removed from the tree through a process called "rubber tapping" (similarly, Opium is the milky latex obtained from the poppy.)  Just two centuries ago, the Havea Brasillienis tree was exclusive to the Amazon Rainforest. It wasn't until the late 1800’s that Heavea Brazilienis tree seeds were brought outside Brazil to help establish commercial rubber plantations in tropical climates around the world.  Today, Latex is imported into the USA and foamed into mattress cores using the Talalay Process for Latexpedic®.

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We can deliver organic mattresses and beds every where in the Orange County Metro Area including: latex foam mattresses Orange,  Anaheim,  Brea,  Buena Park,  Costa Mesa,  Cypress, organic beds Dana Point,  Fountain Valley,  Fullerton,  Garden Grove, Huntington Beach, natural mattresses Irvine,  La Habra,  La Palma,  Laguna Beach, Laguna Hills, Laguna Niguel, natural beds Lake Forest,  Los Alamitos, Mission Viejo, Newport Beach, Orange, latex mattresses Placentia, San Clemente, San Juan Capistrano, Santa Ana, Seal Beach, 100% pure talalay latex Stanton, Tustin, Villa Park, Westminster and Yorba Linda.

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HISTORY OF ORGANIC FARMING?
Traditional farming (of many particular kinds in different eras and places) was the original type of agriculture, and has been practiced for thousands of years. All traditional farming is now considered to be " organic farming " although at the time there were no known inorganic methods. For example, forest gardening a fully organic food production system which dates from prehistoric times, is thought to be the world's oldest and most resilient agroecosystem. After the industrial revolution had introduced inorganic methods, some of which were not well developed and had serious side effects, an organic movement began in the 1940s as a reaction to agriculture's growing reliance on synthetic fertilizers and pestisides. The history of this modern revival of organic farming dates back to the first half of the 20th century at a time when there was a growing reliance on these new synthetic, inorganic methods.

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How do I know if something is organic?

The USDA has identified for three categories of labeling organic products:

100% Organic: Made with 100% organic ingredients

Organic: Made with at least 95% organic ingredients

Made With Organic Ingredients: Made with a minimum of 70% organic ingredients with strict restrictions on the remaining 30% including no GMOs (genetically modified organisms)

Products with less than 70% organic ingredients may list organically produced ingredients on the side panel of the package, but may not make any organic claims on the front of the package.

 

 

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Select from our 7" Latex Mattress, 8.5" Perfect Firmness, 9" High Profile and 11" THE ULTIMATE Models  

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The latex is Gols certified organic latex and the fabric is Gots certified organic cotton.

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GOLS Global Organic Latex Standard

The "Global Organic Latex Standard", GOLS in short, is the newly introduced standard for sustainable processing methods of latex products from organic raw materials. This mainly addresses the standards which need to be maintained with relevance to processing, manufacturing, packing, labeling, trading and distribution of latex products. In addition to the use of organic raw material, this standard also concentrates on aspects such as human health, safety and welfare, and environment in the manufacturing process of latex products.  Product labeled as “Made with Organic” or “Contains Organic” should contain minimum 95%.  or more of certified Organic latex (as per 2.1) and other certified Organic raw material (as per 2.2) in the final product, from its total weight. Balance 5% may contain non-organic products other than Natural or Synthetic latex. Any textiles materials used in the semi final or final products may be excluded from this calculation, however should be certified “Organic” as per GOTS standards or certified as per OE 100.

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GOTS Global Organic Textile Standard

Only textile products that contain a minimum of 70% organic fibres can become GOTS certified. All chemical inputs such as dyestuffs and auxiliaries used must meet certain environmental and toxicological criteria. The choice of accessories is limited in accordance with ecological aspects as well. A functional waste water treatment plant is mandatory for any wet-processing unit involved and all processors must comply with minimum social criteria. The key criteria of GOTS, its quality assurance system and the principles of the review and revision procedure are summarised in this section.

 

Native to Brazil

 

Latexpedic® comes from the Hevea Brasilienis tree, originally native to the Amazon Jungles of Brazil.  (the first rubber ball was invented by the Mayans over 3500 years ago.)  Latex is white and milky in appearance, has an elastic consistency, and is removed from the tree through a process called "rubber tapping" - similar to tapping trees for maple syrup.  Just two centuries ago, the Havea Brasillienis treee was exclusive to the Amazon Rainforest. It wasn't until the 1870s when rubber tree seeds were brought to India to help establish the first commercial rubber plantations. Today, the Hevea Brasillienis trees are grown in tropical climates around the world.

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History 

The Pará rubber tree initially grew only in the Amazon Rainforest. Increasing demand and the discovery of the vulcanization procedure in 1839 led to the rubber boom in that region, enriching the cities of Belém and Manaus. The name of the tree derives from Pará, the second-largest Brazilian state, the capital of which is Belém.  These trees were used to obtain rubber by the natives who inhabited its geographical distribution. The Olmec people of Mesoamerica extracted and produced similar forms of primitive rubber from analogous latex-producing trees such as Castilla elastica as early as 3600 years ago.[citation needed] The rubber was used, among other things, to make the balls used in the Mesoamerican ballgame.[citation needed] Early attempts were made in 1873 to grow H. brasilensis outside Brazil. After some effort, 12 seedlings were germinated at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. These were sent to India for cultivation, but died. A second attempt was then made, some 70,000 seeds being smuggled to Kew in 1875, by Henry Wickham, at the service of the British Empire. About 4% of these germinated, and in 1876, about 2000 seedlings were sent, in Wardian cases, to Ceylon (modern day Sri Lanka) and 22 were sent to the Botanic Gardens in Singapore. Once established outside its native country, rubber was extensively propagated in the British colonies. Rubber trees were brought to the botanical gardens at Buitenzorg, Java, in 1883.[6] By 1898, a rubber plantation had been established in Malaya, and today, most rubber tree plantations are in South and Southeast Asia, with some also in tropical West Africa.  Efforts to cultivate the tree in South America (Amazon) were unsatisfactory because of blight. The blight, called South American leaf blight, is caused by the Ascomycota, Microcyclus ulei  Phoenix AZ Natural Mattresses

Prehistoric uses

The first use of rubber was by the Olmecs, who centuries later passed on the knowledge of natural latex from the Hevea tree in 1600 BC to the ancient Mayans. They boiled the harvested latex to make a ball for a Mesoamerican ballgame.   Rubber in Mesoamerica Ancient rubber was made from latex of the rubber tree (Castilla elastica), which is indigenous to the tropical areas of southern Mexico and Central America. The latex was made into rubber by mixing it with the juice of what was likely Ipomoea alba (a species of morning glory), a process which preceded Goodyear's vulcanization by several millennia. The resultant rubber would then be formed into rubber strips, which would be wound around a solid rubber core to build the ball.  Archaeological evidence indicates that rubber was already in use in Mesoamerica by the Early Formative Period – a dozen balls were found in the Olmec El Manati sacrificial bog and dated to roughly 1600 BCE. By the time of the Spanish Conquest, 3000 years later, rubber was being exported from the tropical zones to sites all over Mesoamerica.  Iconography suggests that although there were many uses for rubber, rubber balls both for offerings and for ritual ballgames were the primary products. To both the Aztecs and the Maya, the rubber latex that flowed from the tree represented blood and semen. Phoenix AZ Latex Mattress Rubber was therefore symbolic of fertility, and was often burned, buried, or (fortunately for archaeology) laid in a sacrificial pool as an offering to various deities.

The Amazon rainforest
 (Portuguese: Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia; Spanish: Selva Amazónica, Amazonía or usually Amazonia; French: Forêt amazonienne; Dutch: Amazoneregenwoud), also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest that covers most of the Amazon Basin of South America. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 square kilometres (2,700,000 sq mi), of which 5,500,000 square kilometres (2,100,000 sq mi) are covered by the rainforest. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations. The majority of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with minor amounts in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. States or departments in four nations contain "Amazonas" in their names. The Amazon represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforests, and comprises the largest and most biodiverse tract of tropical rainforest in the world, with an estimated 390 billion individual trees divided into 16,000 species.  Latex Mattress Phoenix AZ

Rubber tree plantation

In the wild, the tree can reach a height of up to 100 feet (30 m). The white or yellow latex occurs in latex vessels in the bark,  mostly outside thephloem. These vessels spiral up the tree in a right-handed helix which forms an angle  of about 30 degrees with the horizontal, and can grow as high as 45 ft.  In plantations, the trees are generally smaller for two reasons: 1) Trees grow slower when they are tapped for latex, and 2) trees are generally cut after 30 years because latex production declines as trees age, and they are no longer economically viable.  The tree requires a tropical or subtropical climate with a minimum of about 1200 mm/yr of rainfall, and without frost.   If frost does occur, the results can be disastrous for production. One frost can cause the rubber from an entire plantation to become brittle and break once it has been refined.

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Harvest of latex

Harvesters make incisions across the latex vessels, just deep enough to tap the vessels without harming the tree's growth, and the latex is collected in small buckets. This process is known as rubber tapping. Latex production is highly variable from tree to tree and across clone types.   Phoenix AZ Organic Mattresses

Rubber tapping

Rubber tapping is the process by which the latex is collected from a rubber tree. An incision is made in the tree's bark, which cuts through the latex vessels, from which the product then flows. Timing of the incision must be planned within the planting cycle to optimise the latex yield.  Rubber tapping is an environmentally attractive land use. Jungle rubber is essentially old secondary forest, strongly resembling the primary forest. Its species' richness is about half that of the primary forest. Michon and de Foresta (1994) found that sample jungle rubber sites contained 92 tree species, 97 lianas, and 28 epiphytes compared to 171, 89, and 63, respectively, in the primary forest, and compared to 1, 1, and 2 in monoculture estates. Thiollay (1995) estimated that jungle rubber supports about 137 bird species, against 241 in the primary forest itself. Jungle rubber is expected to resemble primary forest in its hydrological functions.  Natural Mattress Phoenix AZ  Monoculture rubber tree plantations have far less of an environmental impact than other crops, such as coffee or especially oil palm.

Process

Each night a rubber tapper must remove a thin layer of bark along a downward half spiral on the tree trunk. If done carefully and with skill, this tapping panel will yield latex for up to five years. Then the opposite side will be tapped, allowing this side to heal over. The spiral allows the latex to run down to a collecting cup. The work is done at night or in the early morning before the day's temperature rises.  100% Pure Talalay Latex Mattress Phoenix AZ.   so the latex will drip longer before coagulating and sealing the cut.Depending on the final product, additional chemicals can be added to the latex cup to preserve the latex longer. Ammonia solution helps prevent natural coagulation and allows the latex to remain in its liquid state. Plastic bags containing a coagulant have replaced cups in many plantations in Malaysia. This form of latex is used as the raw material for latex concentrate, which is used for dipped rubber products or for the manufacture of ribbed smoke sheet grades.  Naturally coagulated latex, sometimes referred to as cup lump, is collected for processing into block rubbers, which are referred to as technically specified rubbers (TSRs). The serum left after latex coagulation is rich in quebrachitol, a cyclitol or cyclic polyol

Natural rubber

"Rubber" and "India rubber" redirect here. For other uses, see Rubber (disambiguation).  This article is about the polymeric material "natural rubber". For man-made rubber materials, see Synthetic rubberNatural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds plus water. Forms of polyisoprene that are used as natural rubbers are classified as elastomers. Currently, rubber is harvested mainly in the form of the latex from certain trees. The latex is a sticky, milky colloid drawn off by making incisions into the bark and collecting the fluid in vessels in a process called "tapping". The latex then is refined into rubber ready for commercial processing. Natural rubber is used extensively in many applications and products, either alone or in combination with other materials. In most of its useful forms, it has a large stretch ratio and high resilience, and is extremely waterproof.

Varieties

The major commercial source of natural rubber latex is the Pará rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis), a member of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. This species is widely used because it grows well under cultivation and a properly managed tree responds to wounding by producing more latex for several years.  Congo rubber, formerly a major source of rubber, came from vines in the genus Landolphia (L. kirkii, L. heudelotis, and L. owariensis) These cannot be cultivated, and the intense drive to collect latex from wild plants was responsible for many of the atrocities committed under the Congo Free State.  Many other plants produce forms of latex rich in isoprene polymers, though not all produce usable forms of polymer as easily as the Pará rubber tree does; some of them require more elaborate processing to produce anything like usable rubber, and most are more difficult to tap. Some produce other desirable materials, for example gutta-percha (Palaquium gutta) and chicle from Manilkara species. Others that have been commercially exploited, or at least have shown promise as sources of rubber, include the rubber fig (Ficus elastica), Panama rubber tree (Castilla elastica), various spurges (Euphorbia spp.), lettuce (Lactuca species), the related Scorzonera tau-saghyz, various Taraxacum species, including common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) and Russian dandelion (Taraxacum kok-saghyz), and guayule (Parthenium argentatum). The term gum rubber is sometimes applied to the tree-obtained version of natural rubber in order to distinguish it from the synthetic version.

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Discovery of commercial potential

The Para rubber tree is indigenous to South America. Charles Marie de La Condamine is credited with introducing samples of rubber to the Académie Royale des Sciences of France in 1736.  In 1751, he presented a paper by François Fresneau to the Académie (eventually published in 1755) which described many of the properties of rubber. This has been referred to as the first scientific paper on rubber. In England, Joseph Priestley, in 1770, observed that a piece of the material was extremely good for rubbing off pencil marks on paper, hence the name "rubber". Later, it slowly made its way around England.  South America remained the main source of the limited amounts of latex rubber used during much of the 19th century. The trade was well protected and exporting seeds from Brazil was said to be a capital offense, although there was no law against it. Nevertheless, in 1876, Henry Wickham smuggled 70,000 Para rubber tree seeds from Brazil and delivered them to Kew Gardens, England. Only 2,400 of these germinated after which the seedlings were then sent to India, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Indonesia, Singapore, and British Malaya. Malaya (now Peninsular Malaysia) was later to become the biggest producer of rubber. In the early 1900s, the Congo Free State in Africa was also a significant source of natural rubber latex, mostly gathered by forced labor. Liberia and Nigeria also started production of rubber.  In India, commercial cultivation of natural rubber was introduced by the British planters, although the experimental efforts to grow rubber on a commercial scale in India were initiated as early as 1873 at the Botanical Gardens, Calcutta. The first commercial Hevea plantations in India were established at Thattekadu in Kerala in 1902.  In Singapore and Malaya, commercial production of rubber was heavily promoted by Sir Henry Nicholas Ridley, who served as the first Scientific Director of the Singapore Botanic Gardens from 1888 to 1911. He distributed rubber seeds to many planters and developed the first technique for tapping trees for latex without causing serious harm to the tree. Because of his very fervent promotion of this crop, he is popularly remembered by the nickname "Mad Ridley".

Properties  Rubber

exhibits unique physical and chemical properties. Rubber's stress-strain behavior exhibits the Mullins effect and the Payne effect, and is often modeled as hyperelastic. Rubber strain crystallizes.  Due to the presence of a double bond in each repeat unit, natural rubber is susceptible to vulcanisation and sensitive to ozone cracking.  The two main solvents for rubber are turpentine and naphtha (petroleum). The former has been in use since 1764 when François Fresnau made the discovery. Giovanni Fabbroni is credited with the discovery of naphtha as a rubber solvent in 1779. Because rubber does not dissolve easily, the material is finely divided by shredding prior to its immersion. An ammonia solution can be used to prevent the coagulation of raw latex while it is being transported from its collection site

Elasticity

On a microscopic scale, relaxed rubber is a disorganized cluster of erratically changing wrinkled chains. In stretched rubber, the chains are almost linear. The restoring force is due to the preponderance of wrinkled conformations over more linear ones. For the quantitative treatment see Ideal chain, for more examples see Entropic force.  Cooling below the glass transition temperature still permits local conformational changes but a reordering is practically impossible because of the larger energy barrier for the concerted movement of longer chains. "Frozen" rubber's elasticity is low and strain results from small changes of bond lengths and angles. (This caused the Challenger disaster, where flattened o-rings failed to relax to fill a widening gap.) The glass transition is fast and reversible: the force resumes on heating.  The parallel chains of stretched rubber are susceptible to crystallization. This takes some time because turns of twisted chains have to move out of the way of the growing crystallites. Crystallization has occurred, for example, when, after days, an inflated toy balloon is found withered at a relatively large remaining volume. Where it is touched, it shrinks because the temperature of the hand is enough to melt the crystals.  Vulcanization of rubber creates disulfide bonds between chains, which limits the degrees of freedom and results in chains that tighten more quickly for a given strain, thereby increasing the elastic force constant and making the rubber harder and less extensible.

Chemical makeup

Latex is the polymer cis-1,4-polyisoprene – with a molecular weight of 100,000 to 1,000,000 daltons. Typically, a small percentage (up to 5% of dry mass) of other materials, such as proteins, fatty acids, resins, and inorganic materials (salts) are found in natural rubber. Polyisoprene can also be created synthetically, producing what is sometimes referred to as "synthetic natural rubber", but the synthetic and natural routes are completely different.[1]   Chemical structure of cis-polyisoprene, the main constituent of natural rubber. Synthetic cis-polyisoprene and natural cis-polyisoprene are derived from different precursors, isopentenyl pyrophosphate and isopreneSome natural rubber sources, such as gutta-percha, are composed of trans-1,4-polyisoprene, a structural isomer that has similar, but not identical, properties.  Natural rubber is an elastomer and a thermoplastic. Once the rubber is vulcanized, it will turn into a thermoset. Most rubber in everyday use is vulcanized to a point where it shares properties of both; i.e., if it is heated and cooled, it is degraded but not destroyed.  The final properties of a rubber item depend not just on the polymer, but also on modifiers and fillers, such as carbon black, factice, whiting, and a host of others.

Biosynthesis

Rubber particles are formed in the cytoplasm of specialized latex-producing cells called laticifers within rubber plants. Rubber particles are surrounded by a single phospholipid membrane with hydrophobic tails pointed inward. The membrane allows biosynthetic proteins to be sequestered at the surface of the growing rubber particle, which allows new monomeric units to be added from outside the biomembrane, but within the lacticifer. The rubber particle is an enzymatically active entity that contains three layers of material, the rubber particle, a biomembrane, and free monomeric units. The biomembrane is held tightly to the rubber core due to the high negative charge along the double bonds of the rubber polymer backbone. Free monomeric units and conjugated proteins make up the outer layer. The rubber precursor is isopentenyl pyrophosphate (an allylic compound), which elongates by Mg2+-dependent condensation by the action of rubber transferase. The monomer adds to the pyrophosphate end of the growing polymer. The process displaces the terminal high-energy pyrophosphate. The reaction produces a cis polymer. The initiation step is catalyzed by prenyltransferase, which converts three monomers of isopentenyl pyrophosphate into farnesyl pyrophosphate. The farnesyl pyrophosphate can bind to rubber transferase to elongate a new rubber polymer.  The required isopentenyl pyrophosphate is obtained from the mevalonate pathway, which is derives from acetyl-CoA in the cytosol. In plants, isoprene pyrophosphate can also be obtained from 1-deox-D-xyulose-5-phosphate/2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-4-phosphate pathway within plasmids. The relative ratio of the farnesyl pyrophosphate initiator unit and isoprenyl pyrophosphate elongation monomer determines the rate of new particle synthesis versus elongation of existing particles. Though rubber is known to be produced by only one enzyme, extracts of latex have shown numerous small molecular weight proteins with unknown function. The proteins possibly serve as cofactors, as the synthetic rate decreases with complete removal.

Current sources

Close to 21 million tons of rubber were produced in 2005, of which approximately 42% was natural. Since the bulk of the rubber produced is of the synthetic variety, which is derived from petroleum, the price of natural rubber is determined, to a large extent, by the prevailing global price of crude oil. Today, Asia is the main source of natural rubber, accounting for about 94% of output in 2005. The three largest producing countries, Thailand, Indonesia (2.4m tons)[and Malaysia, together account for around 72% of all natural rubber production. Natural rubber is not cultivated widely in its native continent of South America due to the existence of South American leaf blight, and other natural predators of the rubber tree.

Cultivation

Rubber is generally cultivated in large plantations.  Rubber latex is extracted from rubber trees. The economic life period of rubber trees in plantations is around 32 years – up to 7 years of immature phase and about 25 years of productive phase.  The soil requirement of the plant is generally well-drained, weathered soil consisting of laterite, lateritic types, sedimentary types, nonlateritic red, or alluvial soils.  The climatic conditions for optimum growth of rubber trees are: 

  • Rainfall of around 250 cm evenly distributed without any marked dry season and with at least 100 rainy days per year
  • Temperature range of about 20 to 34°C, with a monthly mean of 25 to 28°C
  • High atmospheric humidity of around 80%
  • Bright sunshine amounting to about 2000 hours per year at the rate of six hours per day throughout the year
  • Absence of strong winds

Many high-yielding clones have been developed for commercial planting. These clones yield more than 2,000 kg of dry rubber per hectare per year, when grown under ideal conditions.

Collection

In places such as Kerala, where coconuts are in abundance, the half shell of coconut is used as the collection container for the latex, but glazed pottery or aluminium or plastic cups are more common elsewhere. The cups are supported by a wire that encircles the tree. This wire incorporates a spring so it can stretch as the tree grows. The latex is led into the cup by a galvanised "spout" knocked into the bark. Tapping normally takes place early in the morning, when the internal pressure of the tree is highest. A good tapper can tap a tree every 20 seconds on a standard half-spiral system, and a common daily "task" size is between 450 and 650 trees. Trees are usually tapped on alternate or third days, although many variations in timing, length, and number of cuts are used. The latex, which contains 25–40% dry rubber, is in the bark, so the tapper must avoid cutting right through to the wood, else the growing cambial layer will be damaged and the renewing bark will be badly deformed, making later tapping difficult. It is usual to tap a pannel at least twice, sometimes three times, during the tree's life. The economic life of the tree depends on how well the tapping is carried out, as the critical factor is bark consumption. A standard in Malaysia for alternate daily tapping is 25 cm (vertical) bark consumption per year. The latex tubes in the bark ascend in a spiral to the right. For this reason, tapping cuts usually ascend to the left to cut more tubes.  The trees will drip latex for about four hours, stopping as latex coagulates naturally on the tapping cut, thus blocking the latex tubes in the bark. Tappers usually rest and have a meal after finishing their tapping work, then start collecting the liquid "field latex" at about midday. Some trees will continue to drip after the collection and this leads to a small amount of "cup lump" which is collected at the next tapping. The latex that coagulates on the cut is also collected as "tree lace". Tree lace and cup lump together account for 10–20% of the dry rubber produced. Latex that drips onto the ground, "earth scrap", is also collected periodically for processing of low-grade product.

Field coagula 

There are four types of field coagula, "cuplump", "treelace", "smallholders’ lump" and "earth scrap". Each has significantly different properties.  Cuplump is the coagulated material found in the collection cup when the tapper next visits the tree to tap it again. It arises from latex clinging to the walls of the cup after the latex was last poured into the bucket, and from late-dripping latex exuded before the latex-carrying vessels of the tree become blocked. It is of higher purity and of greater value than the other three types.  Treelace is the coagulum strip that the tapper peels off the previous cut before making a new cut. It usually has higher copper and manganese contents than cuplump. Both copper and manganese are pro-oxidants and can lower the physical properties of the dry rubber.  Smallholders’ lump is produced by smallholders who collect rubber from trees a long way away from the nearest factory. Many Indonesian smallholders, who grow paddy in remote areas, tap dispersed trees on their way to work in the paddy fields and collect the latex (or the coagulated latex) on their way home. As it is often impossible to preserve the latex sufficiently to get it to a factory that processes latex in time for it to be used to make high quality products, and as the latex would anyway have coagulated by the time it reached the factory, the smallholder will coagulate it by any means available, in any container available. Some smallholders use small containers, buckets etc., but often the latex is coagulated in holes in the ground, which are usually (but not always) lined with plastic. Acidic materials and fermented fruit juices are used to coagulate the latex – a form of assisted biological coagulation. Little care is taken to exclude twigs, leaves, and even bark from the lumps that are formed, which may also include treelace collected by the smallholder.  Earth scrap is the material that gathers around the base of the tree. It arises from latex overflowing from the cut and running down the bark of the tree, from rain flooding a collection cup containing latex, and from spillage from tappers’ buckets during collection. It contains soil and other contaminants, and has variable rubber content depending on the amount of contaminants mixed with it. Earth scrap is collected by the field workers two or three times a year and may be cleaned in a scrap-washer to recover the rubber, or sold off to a contractor who will clean it and recover the rubber. It is of very low quality and under no circumstances should it be included in block rubber or brown crepe.

Processing

The latex will coagulate in the cups if kept for long. The latex has to be collected before coagulation. The collected latex, "field latex", is transferred into coagulation tanks for the preparation of dry rubber or transferred into air-tight containers with sieving for ammoniation. Ammoniation is necessary to preserve the latex in a colloidal state for longer periods of time.  Latex is generally processed into either latex concentrate for manufacture of dipped goods or it can be coagulated under controlled, clean conditions using formic acid. The coagulated latex can then be processed into the higher-grade, technically specified block rubbers such as SVR 3L or SVR CV or used to produce Ribbed Smoke Sheet grades.  Naturally coagulated rubber (cup lump) is used in the manufacture of TSR10 and TSR20 grade rubbers. The processing of the rubber for these grades is a size reduction and cleaning process to remove contamination and prepare the material for the final stage of drying. The dried material is then baled and palletized for storage and shipment in various methods of transportation.

Vulcanization

Natural rubber is often vulcanized, a process by which the rubber is heated and sulfur, peroxide or bisphenol are added to improve resistance and elasticity, and to prevent it from perishing. The development of vulcanization is most closely associated with Charles Goodyear in 1839. Before World War II era manufacturing, carbon black was often used as an additive to rubber to improve its strength, especially in vehicle tires

Contemporary manufacturing

Around 25 million tonnes of rubber is produced each year, of which 42 percent is natural rubber. The remainder is synthetic rubber derived from petrochemical sources. Around 70 percent of the world's natural rubber is used in tires. The top end of latex production results in latex products such as surgeons' gloves, condoms, balloons and other relatively high-value products. The mid-range which comes from the technically-specified natural rubber materials ends up largely in tires but also in conveyor belts, marine products, windshield wipers and miscellaneous rubber goods. Natural rubber offers good elasticity, while synthetic materials tend to offer better resistance to environmental factors such as oils, temperature, chemicals or ultraviolet light and suchlike. "Cured rubber" is rubber which has been compounded and subjected to the vulcanisation process which creates cross-links within the rubber matrix.

classic natural and organic latex foam mattressesseed from rubber tree amazon jungle of brazil
Natural Latex Foam is originally Native to the Amazon Rainforest.
Shown is a Seed from the
Hevea Brasilienis Tree in which Natural Latex originates from.
12557 Harbor Blvd., Garden Grove 800.824.3145
907 Hollywood Way, Burbank ca  800.727.1954
1035 E. Camelback Rd., Phoenix 800.733.1818

FACTORY SHOWROOMS

1035 E. Camelback Rd., Phoenix 800.733.1818
907 Hollywood Way, Burbank 800.233.7382
12557 Harbor Blvd., Garden Grove 800.824.3145

 

Latexpedic Bedding Material.

What actually is it?

Latex is defined as: Any of several natural or synthetic colloidal polymers suspended in an aqueous solution.

Basically: rubber particles in water

natural latex mattress
WHAT IS NATURAL LATEX?

Natural Latex is a milky substance harvested from rubber tree plants (Havea brasiliensis) which are grown in tropical climate plantations around the world. Most are located in Africa, Malaysia, South America, and Indonesia. Natural Latex is bio-degradable and naturally resistant to mold, mildew & bacteria. Harvesting the liquid latex is similar to tapping trees for maple syrup. The trees are not harmed, providing a sustainable resource. The Natural latex is collected in buckets and shipped to large rubber factories such as B.F Goodrich, Dupont, etc. for processing. Natural liquid latex is a commodity that’s publicly traded in stock markets around the world similar to corn, pork bellies, orange juice etc.  Natural latex, as its name implies, is “natural” which offers many benefits for use in sleep products. Phoenix AZ Natural Organic Latex Mattresses.  Consumers that have an organic lifestyle and have made numerous changes to remove most synthetic chemicals from their household tend to purchase 100% natural formulations. The elasticity, healthiness, and ability of Natural Latex to conform to your body, reducing pressure on your muscles and circulation is unsurpassed. The resulting benefits and luxurious comfort simply can’t be matched by synthetic latex. However, because it is a “natural” product there are inconsistencies at the molecular level which cause Natural Latex products to wear at a faster rate than Synthetic Latex.

WHAT IS SYNTHETIC LATEX?

Synthetic latex is a man-made molecular copy of natural latex. The scientific name for this compound is Styrene-Butadiene (SBR).  Styrene is named for “styrax”, the resin from a Turkish tree. Low levels of styrene occur naturally in many kinds of plants as well as a variety of foods such as fruits, vegetables & nuts.  Butadiene is produced by dehydration of butane obtained from petroleum. Butadiene is also used in the manufacture of latex paints and nylon fibers used in rope and clothing.  Synthetic Latex is extremely uniform at the molecular level, so sleep products will have greater durability than those made solely with Natural Latex. However, what you gain in durability you lose in feel and sleep benefits as compared to Natural Latex.

WHAT IS BLENDED LATEX?

Blended latex is just what it sounds like, a combination of Natural latex and Synthetic latex mixed together. When consumers want to know a product is natural and good for the environment while also looking for a product that will help them sleep better with optimum value for their money- they purchase blended latex. By combining Natural Latex and Synthetic Latex together you get the best of both worlds. Natural components, elasticity, conformity, health benefits and luxurious feel from Natural Latex combine with extended durability from Synthetic Latex- to make a product that the Earth provided and we perfected.  Blended latex can be compared to a gold wedding band. No one has a 24 karat (100% gold) wedding band because it would be too soft and bend if gripped too hard. The solution is an 18 karat gold ring where the gold is mixed with another, more durable metal. The result is a ring that has the look and feel of pure gold but is less vulnerable to damage or wear.

 

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theultimate gots certified organic latexgols certified organic cotton and wool mattress quiltinggots certified organic gols latexpedic mattresslatex pad gots certified organic latex gols

 

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LATEX BEDLATEXPEDIC®
Native to Brazil PAMPER COST BEAUTIFUL DISCOUNT NUTRITION LATEX BLISS

Latexpedic® comes from the Hevea Brasilienis Tree, originally native to the Amazon Jungles of Brazil.  (the first rubber ball was invented by the Mayans over 3500 years ago.)  Latex is white and milky in appearance, has an elastic consistency, and is removed from the tree through a process called "rubber tapping" - similar to tapping trees for maple syrup.  Just two centuries ago, the Havea Brasillienis treee was exclusive to the Amazon Rainforest.  Today, Latexpedic is grown in tropical climates around the world; and foamed up into mattress cores in the USA through the Talalay process.  Latexpedic has most of the highest customer satisfaction ratings for Support, Comfort, Pressure Relief, Durability, Breathability and Health.  Don't Miss Out!

ASK ABOUT OUR LATEXPEDIC 7" LATEX MATTRESS, 9" HIGH PROFILE LATEX MATTRESS, 11" THE ULTIMATE LATEX MATTRESS, AND THE 2" PURE 100% TALALAY LATEX MATTRESS PAD.  PLEASE CALL FOR FACTORY DIRECT PRICES ON YOUR LATEXPEDIC MATTRESS.

 

FACTORY SHOWROOMS

1035 E. Camelback Rd., Phoenix 800.733.1818
907 Hollywood Way, Burbank 800.233.7382
12557 Harbor Blvd., Garden Grove 800.824.3145

CERTIFIED ORGANIC BEDCERTIFIED ORGANIC WOOL

 

SERVING ALL AREAS 800.733.1818 WITH WORLD'S LOWEST PRICES ON CERTIFIED ORGANIC GOLS LATEX MATTRESSES GOTS COTTON AND WOOL AND ADJUSTABLE BEDS

organic comfort certified cotton and woolcertified organic mattresslatexpedic certified organic cotton and wool latex mattress

 


 

 

FACTORY SHOWROOMS

1035 E. Camelback Rd., Phoenix 800.733.1818
907 Hollywood Way, Burbank 800.233.7382
12557 Harbor Blvd., Garden Grove 800.824.3145

certified organic cotton mattresscertified organic wool mattresscertified organic latex mattresscertified organic latex bedcertified organic natural bedcertified organic natural beds

PLEASE CALL FOR THE WORLD'S LOWEST PRICES ON CERTIFIED ORGANIC COTTON AND WOOL BEDS, NATURAL LATEX MATTRESSES: 800-727-1954

LATEX BEDLATEXPEDIC®
Native to Brazil PAMPER COST BEAUTIFUL DISCOUNT NUTRITION LATEX BLISS

Latexpedic® comes from the Hevea Brasilienis Tree, originally native to the Amazon Jungles of Brazil.  (the first rubber ball was invented by the Mayans over 3500 years ago.)  Latex is white and milky in appearance, has an elastic consistency, and is removed from the tree through a process called "rubber tapping" - similar to tapping trees for maple syrup.  Just two centuries ago, the Havea Brasillienis treee was exclusive to the Amazon Rainforest.  Today, Latexpedic is grown in tropical climates around the world; and foamed up into mattress cores in the USA through the Talalay process.  Latexpedic has most of the highest customer satisfaction ratings for Support, Comfort, Pressure Relief, Durability, Breathability and Health.  Don't Miss Out!

ASK ABOUT OUR LATEXPEDIC 7" LATEX MATTRESS, 9" HIGH PROFILE LATEX MATTRESS, 11" THE ULTIMATE LATEX MATTRESS, AND THE 2" PURE 100% TALALAY LATEX MATTRESS PAD.  PLEASE CALL FOR FACTORY DIRECT PRICES ON YOUR LATEXPEDIC MATTRESS.

 

FACTORY SHOWROOMS

1035 E. Camelback Rd., Phoenix 800.733.1818
907 Hollywood Way, Burbank 800.233.7382
12557 Harbor Blvd., Garden Grove 800.824.3145

 

SERVING ALL AREAS: